Families are one of the building blocks of society and domestic violence threatens the health and safety of any family. Personal protection orders (“PPOs”) is a legal recourse and support available to victims of domestic violence to break free from abusive situations and rebuild their lives safely and with confidence. Understanding the significance of these legal measures is crucial for individuals seeking help from a potentially dangerous situation. 

  • What is a Personal Protection Order?

A personal protection order (“PPO”) is a court order granted by the Family Justice Courts (“FJC”) and it aims to protect individuals suffering from family violence or harassment by restraining the perpetrator of family violence from further committing any acts of family violence or harassment. 

There are also other forms of protection that is available to victims of family violence such as an Expedited Order (“EO”), Domestic Exclusion Order (“DEO”), Counselling Order (“CGO”) and/or any other such orders that the court thinks fit. 

  • The Need for Protection

The decision to seek a PPO often arises from a dire need for protection against abusive behaviours. Domestic violence, harassment, and intimidation can have devastating effects on victims, both physically and emotionally. In Singapore, where familial ties are highly valued, instances of family violence can be particularly distressing, often occurring within the confines of what should be the safest space—the home.

Furthermore, the prevalence of such incidents underscores the necessity of proactive measures to address and prevent them. According to statistics from the Singapore Police Force, a total of 5,190 police reports of family violence were filed in 2021, an increase from 5,134 in 2020. This highlights the urgency of interventions such as PPOs to mitigate the risks and provide support to victims.

  • Legal Recourse and Protection

Obtaining a PPO empowers individuals with legal recourse and protection against further harm. By seeking a PPO, perpetrators of family violence are restricted from committing further acts of family violence, such as prohibiting contact, harassment, or physical proximity. These legal constraints serve as deterrents and provide a sense of security to victims, allowing them to reclaim control over their lives without fear of reprisal.

While PPOs serve as reactive measures to address immediate threats, they also play a crucial role in preventing future incidents of violence and harassment. The judicial process of obtaining a PPO involves thorough assessment and consideration of the circumstances, including risk factors and protective measures. This proactive approach allows the court to tailor interventions that address the root causes of the violence, such as providing counselling or anger management programs for perpetrators.

  • Legal Framework and Enforcement

Singapore’s legal framework provides a robust foundation for the issuance and enforcement of PPOs. The Family Justice Courts handles cases related to family violence and harassment with sensitivity and various stakeholders. Moreover, the enforcement mechanisms accompanying PPOs are designed to uphold the integrity of the court’s decisions.

 Breaching the conditions of a PPO may constitute a criminal offence and offenders are liable to a fine not more than $2,000 and/or to imprisonment of not more than 6 months, and a fine of not more than $5,000 and/or to imprisonment of not more than 12 months in subsequent convictions. This deterrent factor reinforces the seriousness of the court’s directives and underscores the commitment to ensuring compliance for the protection of victims.

  • Empowerment and Support

Seeking a PPO represents a significant step towards empowerment for victims of abuse and harassment. It provides them with a tangible means to assert their rights and boundaries, reclaiming a sense of security in situations where they may have felt powerless or vulnerable. By actively participating in the legal process and articulating their concerns, individuals regain control over their lives and futures, breaking free from cycles of victimization and fear.

Furthermore, the availability of legal avenues such as PPOs sends a powerful message of validation and support to victims. It reaffirms their experiences as legitimate and deserving of recognition, fostering a culture of empathy, and understanding within society. This validation is essential in challenging societal norms that may perpetuate victim-blaming or minimize the severity of abusive behaviours.

  • Community Support and Solidarity

The effectiveness of PPOs relies not only on legal mechanisms but also on the support and cooperation of the community. Other than the courts and the police, there are also other stakeholders such as social service agencies and Family Service Centres that play a pivotal role in helping and advocating for victims of abuse and harassment. Their efforts complement the legal framework by offering a wide range of support services, including crisis intervention and counselling.

Furthermore, community engagement initiatives raise awareness about the prevalence and impact of family violence, challenging misconceptions and stigma surrounding the issue. By fostering open dialogue and promoting empathy, communities create safer and more supportive environments where individuals feel empowered to seek help and support.


In conclusion, the necessity for personal protection orders in Singapore is paramount in safeguarding individuals from the scourge of domestic violence and harassment. Families, as the bedrock of society, deserve to thrive in environments free from fear and abuse. Personal protection orders serve as vital instruments in providing immediate legal recourse and support to victims, empowering them to break free from abusive situations and rebuild their lives with confidence.

Ultimately, personal protection orders in Singapore are more than just legal documents; they are symbols of hope and resilience for victims of abuse and harassment. By recognizing the importance of personal protection orders and fostering a collaborative approach among stakeholders, Singapore reaffirms its commitment to creating a society where safety, dignity, and well-being are paramount for all its residents.

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